Piles is an anorectal problem which may occurs due to formation of Vericose veins in rectum. Responsible factors of piles may be as follows :-

FACTORS OF PILES :-

  • Improper eating habits and having Junk food, Oily, Spicy, fatty & Non-Veg food.Junk Food
  • Indigestion & Prolonged Constipation :- Constipation refers to the infrequent or difficult passing of stool. It is the most common digestive complaint yet, is treated as a symptom, and not a disease by itself.Constipation
  • Lack Of High Fiber Diet, Diets low in fiber or high in fat increase the risk for constipation, diverticular disease and hemorrhoids.
    fiber food
  • Sitting for long periods of time with a number of health concerns, including obesity and metabolic syndrome.sitting-in-office
  • Regular use of Antibiotics & Allopathic drugs.
    regular use of antibiotic
  • Pregnancy & Overweight : During pregnancy the blood flow in the body increases. Simultaneously, the body releases copious amount of hormone called progesterone that relaxes the walls of the blood vessel.
    piles during pregnancy
  • Excessive Heavy weight lifting .
    piles treatment
  • Bowel disorder : Bowel disorders are conditions that often affect your small intestine. Some of them can also affect other parts of your digestive system, such as your large intestine.
    Constipation
  • Hereditary is also responsible for piles.
  • Obesity : Obesity is defined as excess adipose tissue. People who are obese are more likely to get hemorrhoids because excessive weight puts pressure on the veins of the rectum and anus, which can lead to swelling and inflammation.
    piles due to obesity
  • Anxiety, Stress : Anxiety and stress influence the gastrointestinal tract in such a way it affects regular bowel movement. Stressful situations tend to make people suppress their bowels.
    Stress
  •  Now a days one more factor causes piles i.e. diabetes. More than half of the people with diabetes experiences neuropathy. Sometimes nerves are damaged in the rectal region that causes constipation. Increased straining and pressure in the veins of anus and rectum causes hemorrhoids.This condition is often a result of constipation when we strain during defecation.
  • Alpha-glucosidase inhibitors are oral anti-diabetic drugs used for diabetes mellitus type 2 that work by preventing the digestion of carbohydrates (such as starch and table sugar). Carbohydrates are normally converted into simple sugars (monosaccharides), which can be absorbed through the intestine. Hence, alpha-glucosidase inhibitors reduce the impact of carbohydrates on blood sugar.This causes constipation result hemorrhoids .

HELPFUL DIET :-

  • Eat plenty of fibre such as fruit, vegetables, cereals, wholegrain bread, etc.

    fiber-food
  • Have lots to drink. Adults should aim to drink at least two litres (6-8 glasses) per day. You will pass much of the fluid as urine, but some is passed out in the gut and softens faeces. Most sorts of drink will do, but alcoholic drinks can cause the body to lose fluids (they are dehydrating) and may not be so good. Too much caffeine should also be avoided.
    Drinking more water
  • Fibre supplements. If a high-fibre diet is not helping, you can take fibre supplements (bulking agents) such as ispaghula, methylcellulose, bran or sterculia. You can buy these at pharmacies or get them on prescription. Methylcellulosealso helps to soften faeces directly which makes them easier to pass.
  • Drink butter milk : Buttermilk is advised as a regular diet ingredient for people with piles. Buttermilk is one of the best piles treatment. Piles do not rise again by continuous use of buttermilk in piles.
    BUTTER MILK

Prevention:-

  • Avoid Straining, Don’t Fight the Urge.
  • Avoid oily, spicy and junk food.
  • Keep the anal area clean.
  • Don't use dry toilet paper
  • Avoid long periods of sitting
  • Exercise
  • Don’t turn the bathroom into a library
  • Avoid painkillers that contain codeinesuch as co-codamol, as they are a common cause of constipation. However, simple painkillers such as paracetamol may help.